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Mirrors and Windows



Clerisy Architect: Michele Heyward

Length of Workshop: 60 minutes

Workshop Description:

When you look into your mirror what do you see outside your window? How do you see the world? This presentation is designed to help educators reflect on who we are and who we need to become embracing students of diverse cultures, ethnicities, and backgrounds. We will explore Rudine Sims Bishop’s foundational research in culturally relevant teaching to develop learning experiences that provide opportunities for students to see themselves, respect each other differences, and understand the uniqueness of the world we live in. Through the lens of culturally responsive teaching, we take a deep dive into integrating social-emotional awareness and apply it to all aspects of learning.

Danielson Framework: 1 (planning and preparation), 2 (classroom environment), 3 (instruction)

Learning Objectives:

  • Participants will be able to explain and identify the educational theory of Mirror and Windows.
  • Participants will analyze their current practices and identify areas in need of improvement.
  • Participants will create ways to add mirrors and windows into their teaching pedagogy & curriculum.


Publications Highlighted:

Style, Emily. “Curriculum as Windows and Mirrors.” National SEED Project.; “Culturally Responsive Teaching.” Understood.; International Literacy Association. (2017). Characteristics of culturally sustaining and academically rigorous classrooms [Literacy leadership brief]. Newark, DE: Author.; Earle-Dennis, Camile. “Three ways educational leaders use the Mirror Window Effect.” Learning Science International. April, 13 2021.; Harris, Violet J.. “In Praise of scholarly Force: Rudine Sims Bishop.” National Council of Teachers of English. 2007,; “The Essentials and Foundations of Multicultural Children’s Literature.’; “Build Your Stack: The Power of Names: Windows, Mirrors, and Sliding Glass Doors.” National Council of Teachers of English. August 12, 2020.; Susko , Jennifer. “Books as Mirrors and Windows.”  ASCA School Counselor. January 1, 2021.; Tatum, A.W. (2000). Breaking down barriers that disenfranchise African American adolescent readers in low- level tracks. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 44(1), 52–64; Sharma, Sue. Christ, Tanya. “Five Steps Toward Successful Culturally Relevant Text Selection and Integration.” The Reading Teacher. 2017/08/14; Thornton, Natasha.  “Opening Up New Perspectives With Literature.” Edutopia. May 15, 2018.; “Teaching Your Students to Use Accountable Talk.” The Classroom Nook,,understanding%20what%20others%20are%20saying.; “9 Tips for Planning Difficult Conversations in the Classroom” December 18, 2020.; “Using Literature Circles in the Upper Elementary Classroom.” The Classroom Nook.; “Let’s talk! | Discussing race, racism and other difficult topics with students 3” Teaching Tolerance.